7 early signs and symptoms of HIV

HIV is a virus that causes damage to the immune system. Since this system fights infections, contracting this disease results in a weaker body. It is a lifelong condition with no cure available currently. In addition to this, the HIV virus can be transmitted to another person. Therefore, it is crucial to spot the early signs of HIV and seek medical care as soon as possible.

The symptoms of HIV are as follows:

  • Fever
    This is the primary symptom of HIV. Initially, the HIV virus moves into the bloodstream and begins to multiply. As a result, an inflammatory reaction is induced by the immune system which results in a fever and an itchy throat.
  • Fatigue and headache
    Since the immune system is under the attack of the virus, you feel lethargic in spite of having rested. You may even feel extremely tired while walking or feel short of breath in general. Fatigue can be an early as well as later sign of HIV.
  • Swollen lymph nodes, joint pain, and aching muscles
    Lymph nodes are a part of the immune system and safeguard your blood from viruses and bacteria. If they get inflamed, it is a sign of an infection. The lymph nodes are located in the groin, armpit, and neck, so if these regions ache and pain constantly, then it could suggest an HIV infection.
  • Skin rashes
    This is a symptom of HIV that can be seen immediately, so you should watch out for it. In some cases, the rash can resemble boils that cause itchiness.
  • Vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea
    An HIV patient commonly experiences digestive issues during the early stages of the disease. However, vomiting and nausea can also appear. It is advised to stay hydrated. If diarrhea persists and does not go away with treatment, then it could indicate HIV. In such cases, the patient should consult a doctor for immediate diagnosis and treatment. 
  • Dry cough and sore throat
    Another symptom of HIV is a severe and dry cough. It may persist for weeks on end and even last for months. Even antibiotics and an inhaler may fail to resolve this health concern. A bad throat is a typical symptom of a chronic condition of HIV.
  • Night sweats
    During the early stages of HIV, many people also experience night sweats. These sweats can be common in the later stages of the infection as well and occur regardless of exercise or the temperature of the room.

It is imperative to spot these early signs and symptoms of HIV at the earliest and consult a doctor for early diagnosis and care.